Profile of patients in Intensive Care Unit of burns in a reference hospital



Burns, External causes, Epidemiology, Critical care


Introduction: Burns represent an important public health problem in Brazil, being commonly characterized as a skin lesion in its various layers resulting from various etiologies. Among the external causes is one of the main causes of death. Objective: To describe the profile of patients admitted to the intensive care unit specialized in burn patients, including those who died. Method: This is a retrospective descriptive study carried out in a highly complex and intensive care unit specialized in burns in Salvador, Bahia. Secondary data related to the period from October 2016 to March 2018 were collected. Results: 179 patients with a mean age of 43.03 years were included, the mean body surface burned was 32.8% and the main etiological agents were heat / fire 34.1% and electricity 20.7%. The female sex had a death rate of 43.9% and the male sex 23.9%. The most prevalent cause of death was heat / fire (12%) followed by electricity. However, gas sources alone represent the highest percentage (56%). Conclusion: There was a higher prevalence of males among hospitalized patients, although females have evolved as most deaths, both in relation to the total population and among hospitalized women. Further studies are needed to investigate longitudinally and associative causes and morbidity and mortality in burned patients.


Download data is not yet available.


Nielson CB, Duethman NC, Howard JM, Moncure M, Wood JG. Burns: Pathophysiology of Systemic Complications and Current Management. J Burn Care Res. 2017 Jan/Feb;38(1):e469-e481. doi: 10.1097/BCR.0000000000000355. PMID: 27183443; PMCID: PMC5214064.

Jeschke MG, van Baar ME, Choudhry MA, Chung KK, Gibran NS, Logsetty S. Burn injury. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2020 Feb 13;6(1):11. doi: 10.1038/s41572-020-0145-5. PMID: 32054846; PMCID: PMC7224101.

Schaefer TJ, Tannan SC. Thermal Burns. [Updated 2020 Sep 18]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from:

Rosa DMC. Epidemiologia, lesão inalatória e biomarcadores: relação com prognóstico de adultos queimados internados em uma unidade de referência [doutorado]. São Paulo: Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu; 2009. Disponível em:

Lachiewicz AM, Hauck CG, Weber DJ, Cairns BA, van Duin D. Bacterial Infections After Burn Injuries: Impact of Multidrug Resistance. Clin Infect Dis. 2017;65(12):2130-2136. doi:10.1093/cid/cix682

Luyt CE, Hékimian G, Koulenti D, Chastre J. Microbial cause of ICU-acquired pneumonia: hospital-acquired pneumonia versus ventilator-associated pneumonia. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2018 Oct;24(5):332-338. doi: 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000526. PMID: 30036192.

Chan CH, Yang SF, Yeh HW, Yeh YT, Wang YH, Teng YH, Yeh CB. Risk of pneumonia in patients with burn injury: a population-based cohort study. Clin Epidemiol. 2018 Aug 29;10:1083-1091. doi: 10.2147/CLEP.S172980. PMID: 30214313; PMCID: PMC6121749.

Sen S, Tran N, Chan B, Palmieri TL, Greenhalgh DG, Cho K. Sodium variability is associated with increased mortality in severe burn injury. Burns Trauma. 2017;5:34. doi:

Cabral L, Afreixo V, Meireles R, et al. Checking procalcitonin suitability for prognosis and antimicrobial therapy monitoring in burn patients. Burns Trauma. 2018;6:10. doi:

Lavrentieva A, Depetris N, Rodini I. Analgesia, sedation and arousal status in burn patients: the gap between recommendations and current practices. Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2017;30(2):135-142.

Conselho Nacional de Saúde. Resolução 466/12. Trata de pesquisas em seres humanos e atualiza a resolução 196. [Internet]. Diário Oficial da União. (acesso 22 abr. 2018). Disponível em:

Santuccia ISG, Gobaraa BS, Santosa SR, Fontanac C, Levina AS. Infections in a burn intensive care unit: experience of seven years. Journal of Hospital Infection. 2003;53(1),6-13.doi:

HHH Schiefer JL,Alischahi A, Perbix W, Grigutsch D, Graeff I, Zinser M et al. Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2016;29(1),18-23.

Li H, Yao Z, Tan J, Zhou J, Li Y, Wu J,Luo G. Epidemiology and outcome analysis of 6325 burn patients: a five-year retrospective study in a major burn center in Southwest China. Sci Rep. 2017; 7: 46066. DOI: 10.1038/srep46066.

Arruda FCF. Comparação de escores de gravidade para previsão de mortalidade e tempo de internação em unidade de queimados. Rev Bras Queimaduras 2017;16(3):142-149.

Siemers F, Liodaki E, Mauss KL, Stang FH, Wild T von, Mailaender P. Burn Injuries in Elderly — A Retrospective Analysis of a Ten Year Period Modern Plastic Surgery, 2012, 2, 13-19

Woods JFC, Quinlan CS, Shelley OP. Predicting Mortality in Severe Burns —What Is the Score? Evaluation and Comparison of 4 Mortality Prediction Scores in an Irish Population. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2016;4(1):e606. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000000584.



How to Cite

Amador, A. V. C., Mazarakis, L. P. G., & Felzemburgh, V. A. (2021). Profile of patients in Intensive Care Unit of burns in a reference hospital. Journal of Multiprofessional Health Research, 2(1), e02.58-e02.71. Retrieved from



Original Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)