Impacts on hearing health of children and adolescents resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic
Keywords:Hearing, Children, Tinnitus, Coronavirus
Introduction: To contain the expansion of the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing was recommended as containment measure. The teaching remote-online due social distancing , brought the use of electronic devices of sound reproduction to the routine of children. Excessive use of this equipment can cause changes in several organs and systems including the auditory system. Objective: Thus, the study aimed to investigate the occurrence of hearing and vestibular impairment in children and adolescents resulting from sound exposure from the use of electronic equipment during the pandemic of COVID-19. Method: Descriptive study involving children and adolescents attending teaching remote-online using electronic devices during the period of social distance determined in the pandemic context of COVID-19. Participants answered a form prepared on Google Forms® about sociodemographic data, hearing health, habits of using electronic sound equipment and general health. Results: In a total of 80 participants among children and adolescents, there was a high occurrence of auditory and vestibular symptoms ranging from 16 to 27% and occurrence of non-auditory symptoms (headache, anxiety, irritability, stress, and fatigue). More than 50% of the participants use electronic equipment with sound emission for <4 hours for teaching remote-online and <3 hours for other activities. Conclusion: The prolonged use of sound electronic equipment during the social distancing during the pandemic context of COVID-19 has led to the occurrence of auditory and vestibular symptoms at an early stage, in children and adolescents, in addition to psychological symptoms that can lead to irreversible damage in the auditory and psychic system.
Madabhavi I, Sarkar M, Kadakol N. CoviD-19: A review. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2020;90:248–58. https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2020.1298.
World Health Organization (WHO). Coronavirus Disease 2019. Situat Rep - 67 Geneva 2020. https://doi.org/10.1213/xaa.0000000000001218.
Byeon H. Associations between adolescents’ earphone usage in noisy environments, hearing loss, and self-reported hearing problems in a nationally representative sample of South Korean middle and high school students 2021;3:1–7.
Lopes AG, Simão MCSA, Godinho RN. Efeitos auditivos e psíquicos decorrentes do uso dos fones de ouvido / Hearing and psychological effects related to headphones. Brazilian J Heal Rev 2021;4:4448---. https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv4n2-038.
Guida HL, De Sousa AL, Cardoso ACV. Relação entre os achados da avaliação audiométrica e das emissões otoacústicas em policiais militares. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2012;16:67–73. https://doi.org/10.7162/S1809-48722012000100010.
Hanazumi A, Gil D, Iório MCM. Estéreos pessoais: hábitos auditivos e avaliação audiológica TT - Hearing habits and audiological evaluation in adults. Audiol - Commun Res 2013;18:179–85.
Serafini RV, Topanotti J, Cassol K, Tomiasi AA. Ound Habits and Hearing Complaints of 2019:140–54.
Luz TS, Borja ALVF. Sintomas auditivos em usuários de estéreos pessoais. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2012;16:163–9. https://doi.org/10.7162/S1809-97772012000200003.
Martin WH. Dangerous decibels: partnership for preventing noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus in children. Semin Hear 2008;29:102–10.
Kumar UA, Deepashree SR. Personal music systems and hearing. J Laryngol Otol 2016;130:717–29. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022215116001031.
MARTINS JP, Magalhães MC, Sakae TM, Magajewski FC. Evaluation of noise-induced hearing loss in musicians from Tubarão-SC. Arq Catarin Med 2009;37:69–74.
LIBERMAN MC. Hidden hearing loss. Scientific American. Sci Am 2015;313:48–53.
Kobel M, Le Prell CG, Liu J, Hawks JW, Bao J. Noise-induced cochlear synaptopathy: Past findings and future studies. Hear Res 2017;349:148–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2016.12.008.
Båsjö S, Möller C, Widén S, Jutengren G, Kähäri K. Hearing thresholds, tinnitus, and headphone listening habits in nine-year-old children. Int J Audiol 2016;55:587–96. https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2016.1190871.
Kujawa SG, Liberman MC. Acceleration of age-related hearing loss by early noise exposure: Evidence of a misspent youth. J Neurosci 2006;26:2115–23. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4985-05.2006.
Coelho CB, Sanchez TG, Tyler RS. Tinnitus in children and associated risk factors. In: Langguth B, Moller AR, editors. Prog. Brain Res., 2007, p. 179–91.
Gilliver M, Carter L, MacOun D, Rosen J, Williams W. Music to whose ears the effect of social norms on young people’s risk perceptions of hearing damage resulting from their music listening behavior. Noise Heal 2012;14:47–51. https://doi.org/10.4103/1463-1741.95131.
RUSSO ICP, FIRST D, ABUT NDB. El uso de stereo personal: el conocimento y la conciencia de los adolescents. Fonoaudiologica 2009;55:22–37.
Santana BA, Alvarenga K de F, Cruz PC, Quadros IA de, Jacob-Corteletti LCB. Prevenção da perda auditiva no contexto escolar frente ao ruído de lazer. Audiol - Commun Res 2016;21:1–8. https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-6431-2015-1641.
Lee GJC, Lim MY, Kuan AYW, Teo JHW, Tan HG, Low WK. The music listening preferences and habits of youths in Singapore and its relation to leisure noise-induced hearing loss. Singapore Med J 2014;55:72–7. https://doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2014018.
Martin WH, Griest SE, Sobel JL, Howarth LC. Randomized trial of four noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus prevention interventions for children. Int J Audiol 2013;52. https://doi.org/10.3109/14992027.2012.743048.
Knobel KAB, Lima MCPM. Effectiveness of the brazilian version of the dangerous decibels ® educational program. Int J Audiol 2014;53. https://doi.org/10.3109/14992027.2013.857794.
World Health Organization (WHO). Hearing loss due to recreational exposure to loud sounds: a review 2015. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/154589 (accessed July 24, 2020).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Multiprofessional Health Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License - Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.